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Beyond the Essene Hypothesis
The Parting of the Ways between Qumran and Enochic Judaism

Gabriele Boccaccini

0802843603 Retail Price: $26.00
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Format: Paperback, 230pp.
ISBN: 9780802843609
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co.
Pub. Date: 1998

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About the Author
Table of Contents
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From The Publisher:

This volume offers a provocative new view of the ideology of the Qumran sect, the ancient desert community closely related to the Dead Sea Scrolls. Gabriele Boccaccini moves beyond the Essene hypothesis and posits a unique relationship between what he terms "Enochic Judaism" and the group traditionally known as the Essenes.

Building his case on what the historical records tells us about the Essenes and on a systematic analysis of the documents found at Qumran, Boccaccini argues that the literature betrays the core of an ancient and distinct variety of Second Temple Judaism. Tracing the development of this tradition, Boccaccini shows that the Essene community at Qumran was really the offspring of the Enochic party, which in turn contributed to the birth of parties led by John the Baptist and Jesus. Convincingly argued, this work will surely spark fresh debate in the discussion on the Qumran community and the famous Dead Sea Scrolls.


"Gabriele Boccaccini's book is a fascinating, incisively reasoned contribution to Qumran research."
—Elaine Pagels, Princeton University


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About the Author

Gabriele Boccaccini is the Professor of New Testament and Second Temple Judaism at the University of Michigan.

Table of Contents

Abbreviations and Siglaxvii
1Introduction: Beyond the Essene Hypothesis1
Part IHistoriographical Analysis19
2The Essenes in Ancient Historiography21
Part IISystemic Analysis51
3The Prehistory of the Sect53
4The Formative Age81
5The Schism between Qumran and Enochic Judaism119
Part IIIComparative Analysis163
6Conclusion: The Enochic/Essene Hypothesis165
Bibliography: The Dead Sea Scrolls and Second Temple Judaism197

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