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The Survivors of Israel: A Reconsideration of the Theology of Pre-Christian Judaism
Mark Adam Elliot

0802844839 Retail Price: $55.00
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Format: Paperback, 774pp.
ISBN: 0802844839
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co.
Pub. Date: July 2000

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About the Author
Table of Contents
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From The Publisher:

This study challenges the conventional view of scholars like E. P. Sanders that Late Second Temple Judaism was theologically nationalistic, offering in its place a theory that the intertestamental writings did not anticipate the salvation of all Jews but only of a faithful remnant within Israel.

Working carefully with the major books of the pseudepigrapha and the Dead Sea Scrolls, Mark Adam Elliott shows that the authors of such works anticipated an imminent—and scathing—judgment of Israel that would exclude many, or even most, Israelites from the saved community. This provocative thesis not only confronts accepted perspectives on Late Second Temple Judaism but also suggests important implications for our reading of Paul and the New Testament.


This exhaustive and erudite study offers many new and compelling arguments which will prove to be significant in the contemporary debate on the nature of Christianity's Jewish background.
The Expository Times

The scholarship that produced this book is both careful and extensive. The author employs an approach that is historical, sociological, and literary as he develops this systematic study.
—The Bible Today


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About the Author

Mark Adam Elliott has served as adjunct professor at the University of Western Ontario and at Conrad Grebel College, University of Waterloo, and is currently pastor of Frank Street Baptist Church in Wiarton, Ontario.

Table of Contents

  1. Why Another Book on Judaism?
  2. Some Necessary Remarks on Method and Approach
    A Word about Sources and Critical Presuppositions
  3. Conventional Nationalistic Views of Election in Judaism
    The Prevalence and Persistence of Nationalistic Theology in Treatments of Judaism
    Latent Tensions in the Conventional View of National Election
    The Present State of the Question
  4. The Judgment-of-Israel Theme
  5. At Qumran
    The Widespread Currency of the Theme in Other Intertestamental Writings
    Apostasy in Israel
  6. Limits on the Community of Salvation
  7. Exclusivist Soteriology in the Dead Sea Scrolls
    Exclusivist Soteriology in the Pseudepigrapha
    Divine Mercy toward Israel?
  8. Reform and Dissent—The Sociohistorical Context
  9. How Does One Account for the Exclusivist Attitude toward Israel?
    The Origins and Identity of a Movement
  10. Dualistic Covenantal Theology
  11. Dynamic and Dualistic Views of Covenant
    Dynamic View of Covenant
    Dualistic Covenantal Formulations
  12. Soteriological Dualism
  13. Seed Theology
    Plant Metaphors
    Some Important Implications of Soteriological Dualism
  14. A New Approach to Apocalyptic Forms
  15. Historical Rehearsals—Legacy of Israel’s Past Performance
    Testaments—Final Words of Revered Patriarchs
  16. The Dualistic Trajectory of Pneumatology
  17. Jubilees—Israel Abandoned to Evil Spirits
    The Dead Sea Scrolls—Dualistic Pneumatology Defines the Metaphysical Universe
    Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs—Choosing between God and Beliar
    The All-Important Flood Paradigm
  18. The Messiah-for-the-Elect
  19. Approach and Presuppositions
    The Messianic Context: Progenitors, Paradigms, and Mystical and Revelatory Figures
    The Messiah-for-the-Elect
  20. Eschatology in a Dualistic Context
  21. The Dialectic of Restoration in the Zoomorphic History
    Judgment and Vindication in the Book of Watchers
    A Conditional Restoration in the Apocalypse of Weeks and the ‘‘Epistle’’ of Enoch (Book 5)
    Restoration as Conversion in Jubilees
    Instruments of Restoration: The Community of the Dead Sea Scrolls
    Requisites for Israel’s Future Salvation in the Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs
    Seeking Israel’s Promised Restoration in the Psalms of Solomon
    Eschatological Urgency in 4 Ezra
    Warning and Consolation in the Eschatology of 2 Baruch
  22. ‘‘Destruction-Preservation Soteriology’’
  23. Paradigms for Salvation
    Destruction-Preservation (D-P) Soteriology
    The Ultimate Goal—Vindication of the Remnant by the Rest of Israel
    Conclusion: Implications of the Theology of the Movement of Dissent for New Testament Study
    A Pause for Misgivings

    General Bibliography
    Index of Subjects
    Index of Modern Authors
    Index of Biblical and Extrabiblical Texts

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